Vermonter Extension to Montreal

Status: In Planning

Planning is underway to extend Amtrak’s Vermonter service north to Montréal.

Montreal Central Station / Pascal Normand
Montréal Central Station / Pascal Normand


As part of this project, new joint customs and immigration facility is to be built at Central Station in Montréal, Quebec for both the Canada Border Security Agency and U.S. Customs and Border Protection.

This facility would allow Amtrak passengers departing from Montréal on the Vermonter and Adirondack to clear U.S. customs and immigration processes prior to boarding the train – a process that is known as preclearance.

In the reverse direction, passengers on these two trains would clear Canadian customs and immigration upon arrival in Montréal.

This setup would be similar to the way that passengers on flights to/from the United States are processed at airports in Canada today.

The Vermonter would travel from St. Albans, Vt. to Montréal over 71 miles of existing track owned by New England Central Railroad (btw. St. Albans and the international border), and Canadian National Railway ( btw. the border and Central Station in Montréal.)

Before the new preclearance facility can be built, enabling legislation (for the preclearance agreement) must still be passed the Canadian Parliament. (the necessary legislation was signed into law in the United States in December 2016.)

Additionally, operating agreements must be established by the railroads involved and the various parties must agree on whom will pay the costs associated with extending the Vermonter to Montréal.

The good news is that all of the parties appear to be in near unanimous agreement to support this project and it is moving forward.

As of now, the target date for extending Amtrak’s Vermonter service to Montréal seems to be “no later than 2020.”¹


¹ According to Sen. Patrick Leahy (D-Vermont) — “Restored train service to Montreal chugs closer to reality.” (January 15, 2018)



2012-2014 | The 18.8 mile stretch of railroad track between St. Albans, Vt. and the U.S.-Canadian border was upgraded to allow future passenger trains on this stretch of track to operate at a maximum speed of 59 miles per hour.

March 16, 2015 | The United States and Canada signed the “Agreement on Land, Rail, Marine, and Air Transport Preclearance Between the Government of the United States of America and the Government of Canada.” The agreement, among other things, allows for the establishment of a preclearance facility in Central Station.

June 17, 2016 | Introduction and First Reading of the “Preclearance Act, 2016” in the House of Commons, in Canada.

December 2016 | The U.S. Congress passed H.R. 6431, the “Promoting Travel, Commerce, and National Security Act of 2016”, which will help to facilitate the expansion of the U.S. Customs and Border Protection pre-clearance facilities in Canada. This bill was signed by President Obama on December 16, 2016.

July 18, 2017 | Amtrak operated a special trip in conjunction with New England Central, CN and various government officials from the US and Canada, to inspect the route from St. Albans, Vermont to Montreal, Quebec.

Amtrak inspection train crossing East Alburgh, Vt. en route to Montreal | July 18, 2017
By Kevin Burkholder / Steel Wheels Photography | Used with Permission


December 12, 2017 | The Canadian government passed into law Bill C-23, the “Preclearance Act, 2016″ which allows for the establishment of U.S. Customs and Border Protection preclearance facilities in Montreal Central Station.

January 15, 2018 | Sen. Patrick Leahy (D-Vermont) said in an interview that he would expect Amtrak’s Vermonter service to be extended to Montréal by no later than 2020.

September 2018 | At a meeting of the Eastern Border Transportation Coalition (EBTC) it was reported that Canada is working to complete the necessary “rail mode” regulations for Land, Rail, and Marine Transport Preclearance by 2020. [Ref: Presentation by Public Safety Canada to the EBTC (PDF) ]


Further reading

International Rail Passenger Update (PDF)
Transportation Border Working Group | March 4, 2015

“The Vermontrealer? It’s a long way back for passenger rail to Montreal”
By C. B. Hall | | May 24, 2015

“New Legislation Moves Toward Restored Rail Service Between Vermont And Montreal”
By Sam Gale Rosen | Vermont Public Radio | December 20, 2016

“Pre-clearance deal advances Montrealer train”
By Jasper Craven | | January 16, 2017

“Preclearance issues extend wait for rail service to Montreal”
By Alexandre Silberman | | August 15, 2019



Last Update: August 16, 2019
Last Reviewed: June 27, 2017