Vermonter Extension to Montreal

Planning is underway to extend Amtrak’s Vermonter service north to Montréal within the next couple of years.

Montreal Central Station / Pascal Normand
Montréal Central Station / Pascal Normand


As part of this project, new joint customs and immigration facility is to be built at Central Station in Montréal, Quebec for both Canada Border Security Agency and U.S. Customs and Border Protection.

This facility would allow Amtrak passengers departing from Montréal on the Vermonter and Adirondack to clear U.S. customs and immigration processes prior to boarding the train – a process that is known as preclearance.

In the reverse direction, passengers on these two trains would clear Canadian customs and immigration upon arrival in Montréal.

This setup would be similar to the way that passengers on flights to/from the United States are processed at major airports in Canada today.

The Vermonter would travel from St. Albans, Vt. to Montréal over 71 miles of existing track owned by New England Central Railroad (btw. St. Albans and the international border), and Canadian National Railway ( btw. the border and Central Station in Montréal.)

Before the new preclearance facility can be built, enabling legislation (for the preclearance agreement) must still be passed the Canadian Parliament. (the necessary legislation was signed into law in the United States in December 2016.)

Additionally, operating agreements must be established by the railroads involved the various parties must agree on whom will pay the costs associated with extending the Vermonter to Montréal.

The good news is that all of the parties appear to be in near unanimous agreement to support this project and it is moving forward. When it will actually happen is anyone’s guess but at this stage, it will probably take a about three years before the Vermonter service is extended north across the border into Canada.



December 2016 | The U.S. Congress passed H.R. 6431, the “Promoting Travel, Commerce, and National Security Act of 2016”, which will help to facilitate the expansion of the U.S. Customs and Border Protection pre-clearance facilities in Canada. This bill was signed by President Obama on December 16, 2016.

June 17, 2016 | Introduction and First Reading of the “Preclearance Act, 2016” in the House of Commons, in Canada.

March 16, 2015 | The United States and Canada signed the “Agreement on Land, Rail, Marine, and Air Transport Preclearance Between the Government of the United States of America and the Government of Canada.” The agreement, among other things, allows for the establishment of a preclearance facility in Central Station.

2012-2014 | The 18.8 mile stretch of railroad track between St. Albans, Vt. and the U.S.-Canadian border was upgraded to allow future passenger trains on this stretch of track to operate at a maximum speed of 59 miles per hour.


Further reading

“Preclearance Act, 2016”, Bill C-23


“Pre-clearance deal advances Montrealer train”
By Jasper Craven | | January 16, 2017

“New Legislation Moves Toward Restored Rail Service Between Vermont And Montreal”
By Sam Gale Rosen | Vermont Public Radio | December 20, 2016

“Leahy ‘preclearance’ bill to ease Vermont-Canada rail & air travel clears Congress”
Vermont Business Magazine | December 11, 2016

“The Vermontrealer? It’s a long way back for passenger rail to Montreal”
By C. B. Hall | | May 24, 2015

International Rail Passenger Update (PDF)
Transportation Border Working Group | March 4, 2015


Last Update: January 17, 2017
Last Reviewed: December 21, 2016